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Plant Database

Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

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Ulmus serotina

Ulmus serotina Sarg.

September Elm, Red Elm

Ulmaceae (Elm Family)



USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

Sometimes cultivated but highly susceptible to Dutch elm disease. Ulmus serotina is found infrequently outside of Tennessee.


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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Shape: Oblong , Obovate
Leaf Venation: Pinnate
Leaf Margin: Double-serrate
Leaf Apex: Acuminate
Leaf Base: Oblique
Inflorescence: Raceme
Fruit Type: Samara
Size Notes: Up to about 65 feet tall.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Green
Bloom Time: Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov


USA: AL , AR , GA , IL , KY , MS , OK , TN


Use Ornamental: Before the outbreak of Dutch elm disease, September elm had limited popularity as a shade-tree in the southern part of its range.
Interesting Foliage: yes


Propagation Material: Root Cuttings , Seeds

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

Web Reference

Webref 3 - Flora of North America (2014) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.

Additional resources

USDA: Find Ulmus serotina in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Ulmus serotina in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Ulmus serotina


Record Modified: 2022-09-26
Research By: DEW

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