Host an Event Volunteer Join Tickets

Support the plant database you love!


Plant Database

Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

Enter a Plant Name:
Or you can choose a plant family:
Suriana maritima (Bay cedar)
Cressler, Alan

Suriana maritima

Suriana maritima L.

Bay Cedar, Bay-cedar

Surianaceae (Suriana Family)


USDA Symbol: SUMA2

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), PR (N), VI (N)

Clump-forming shrub to small tree. Crown conical; trunk short.


From the Image Gallery

1 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub , Tree
Leaf Retention: Evergreen
Fruit Type: Achene
Size Notes: Up to about 25 feet tall, often much shorter.
Fruit: Achene-like.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Jan , Feb , Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov , Dec


Native Distribution: Coastal, from central Florida south.
Native Habitat: Dunes, beaches, coastal scrub, sandy thickets.

Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)

Martial Scrub-Hairstreak
(Strymon martialis)

Larval Host
Learn more at BAMONA
Mallow Scrub-Hairstreak
(Strymon istapa)

Larval Host
Learn more at BAMONA

National Wetland Indicator Status

Status: FAC FACU
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.


Bibref 1186 - Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America (2005) Covell, C.V., Jr.
Bibref 1185 - Field Guide to Western Butterflies (Peterson Field Guides) (1999) Opler, P.A. and A.B. Wright

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Web Reference

Webref 57 - Atlas of Florida Plants (2020) Institute for Systematic Botany
Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Suriana maritima in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Suriana maritima in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Suriana maritima


Record Modified: 2022-12-20
Research By: TWC Staff

Go back