Stewartia ovata (Cav.) Weath.
Mountain Camellia, Mountain Stewartia
Theaceae (Tea Family)
Synonym(s): Malachodendron pentagynum, Stewartia pentagyna
USDA Symbol: STOV
A 12-20 ft., oval-shaped shrub. Solitary or few-clustered trunked with strongly ascending branches. Dark-brown bark is smooth, with patches of exfoliating sheets revealing orange inner bark. Colorful fall foliage. Large, showy, solitary, white flower with crimped and scalloped edges and numerous purple stamens. Shrub or small tree with gray; hairless twigs, bright green foliage, and large white flowers.
Though found in 8 states, this uncommon species is mostly confined to the southern Appalachians. The scientific name refers to the egg-shaped leaves.
From the Image Gallery
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Jul
DistributionUSA: AL , FL , GA , KY , MS , NC , SC , TN , VA
Native Distribution: VA to s.e. KY, s. to n. GA & AL
Native Habitat: Wooded stream margins in the mountains
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
Soil Description: Moist, humus rich, sandy loams.
Conditions Comments: Disease and insect free but sensitive to drought and soil compaction.
PropagationDescription: One method of propagation by seed is to sow fresh seeds in cold frame or greenhouse and keep the seedlings lightly shaded the first year. Another method is to double-stratify the seeds and fall sow in a well-protected spot. Germination may take two year
Seed Collection: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE
BibliographyBibref 1620 - Gardening with Native Plants of the South (Reprint Edition) (2009) Wasowski, S. with A. Wasowski
Bibref 841 - Native Alternatives to Invasive Plants (2006) Burrell, C. C.
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Stewartia ovata in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Stewartia ovata in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Stewartia ovata
MetadataRecord Modified: 2015-06-18
Research By: TWC Staff