Sphaeralcea lindheimeri A. Gray
Malvaceae (Mallow Family)
USDA Symbol: SPLI
This spring-blooming wildflower has a trailing habit and forms large patches in loose sand of prairies and post-oak woodlands of southern Texas, mostly near the coast and in the inland sand plain of South Texas. It is native only to Texas; it is thus said to be "endemic" to Texas. Orange flowers adorn the plant from February to May.
This species is named after Ferdinand Jacob Lindheimer (1801-1879) who is often called the Father of Texas Botany because of his work as the first permanent-resident plant collector in Texas. In 1834 Lindheimer immigrated to the United States as a political refugee. He spent from 1843-1852 collecting specimens in Texas. In 1844 he settled in New Braunfels, Texas, and was granted land on the banks of the Comal River, where he continued his plant collecting and attempted to establish a botanical garden. He shared his findings with many others who shared his interest in botany, including Ferdinand von Roemer and Adolph Scheele. Lindheimer is credited with the discovery of several hundred plant species. In addition his name is used to designate forty-eight species and subspecies of plants. He is buried in New Braunfels. His house, on Comal Street in New Braunfels, is now a museum.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Evergreen
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Breeding System: Flowers Bisexual
Size Class: 0-1 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Orange
Bloom Time: Feb , Mar , Apr , May
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low , Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry , Moist
Drought Tolerance: Medium
Cold Tolerant: yes
Heat Tolerant: yes
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 1129 Collected Mar 9, 1995 in Atascosa County by Harry Cliffe
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-1274 Collected 2009-05-20 in Jim Hogg County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Sphaeralcea lindheimeri in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Sphaeralcea lindheimeri in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Sphaeralcea lindheimeri
MetadataRecord Modified: 2008-10-16
Research By: TWC Staff