Sisyrinchium sagittiferum E.P. Bicknell
Spearbract Blue-eyed Grass, Blue-eyed Grass
Iridaceae (Iris Family)
USDA Symbol: SISA3
This species grows 8-18 inches tall, in clumps, on threadlike stems. Leaves are narrow, 4-6 inches long. The flowers are bluish to violet purple, occasionally white, with 6 tepals, 1/2-3/4 inch across, and a yellow center.
A member of the iris family (family Iridaceae) which consists of herbs growing from rhizomes, bulbs, or corms, with narrow basal leaves and showy clusters at the tips of long stalks. There are about 60 genera and 1,500 species, distributed in temperate and tropical regions. Among them, Iris, Freesia, Gladiolus, Bugle Lily, and Montbretia are popular ornamentals. Saffron dye is obtained from Crocus, and "essence of violets," used in perfumes, is extracted from the rhizomes of Iris.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 18 inches tall.
Flower: Flowers 1/2 inch
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Yellow , Blue , Purple , Violet
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Sep , Oct , Nov
Bloom Notes: Usually flowers in spring, sometimes again in fall.
DistributionUSA: AR , LA , TX
Native Habitat: Prairie, Plains, Meadows, Pastures, Savannas, Roadsides, Woodlands' edge, Opening
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay Caliche type, Limestone-based
BenefitUse Ornamental: Perennial garden, Wildflower meadow, Shortgrass meadow, Can be mowed, Blooms ornamental
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
National Wetland Indicator Status
BibliographyBibref 765 - McMillen's Texas Gardening: Wildflowers (1998) Howard, D.
Bibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski
Bibref 248 - Texas Wildflowers: A Field Guide (1984) Loughmiller, C. & L. Loughmiller
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Sisyrinchium sagittiferum in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Sisyrinchium sagittiferum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Sisyrinchium sagittiferum
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-02-27
Research By: TWC Staff