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Sideroxylon lycioides (Buckthorn bumelia)
Cressler, Alan

Sideroxylon lycioides

Sideroxylon lycioides L.

Buckthorn Bumelia, Buckthorn Bully, Buckthorn, Smooth Bumelia, Ironwood

Sapotaceae (Sapodilla Family)

Synonym(s): Bumelia cassinifolia, Bumelia lycioides, Bumelia lycioides var. ellipsoidalis, Bumelia lycioides var. virginiana, Bumelia smallii


USDA Native Status: L48 (N)


From the Image Gallery

2 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub , Tree
Fruit Type: Berry
Size Notes: Up to about 45 feet tall, often much shorter and shrub-like.
Fruit: Purplish black.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug


USA: AL , AR , DE , FL , GA , IL , IN , KY , LA , MD , MO , MS , NC , SC , TN , TX , VA , WV

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE


Bibref 298 - Field Guide to Texas Trees (1999) Simpson, B.J.

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Web Reference

Webref 57 - Atlas of Florida Plants (2020) Institute for Systematic Botany
Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Sideroxylon lycioides in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Sideroxylon lycioides in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Sideroxylon lycioides


Record Modified: 2023-05-16
Research By: SET

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