Sideroxylon lanuginosum Michx.
Gum Bumelia, Gum Bully, Woollybucket Bumelia, Woolly Bumelia, Gum Woollybucket, Woolly Buckthorn, Chittamwood, Shittamwood, Gum Elastic, Coma, Black Haw
Sapotaceae (Sapodilla Family)
USDA Symbol: SILA20
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub , Tree
Root Type: Tap
Leaf Retention: Semi-evergreen
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Elliptic , Ovate
Leaf Pubescence: Glabrous
Leaf Margin: Entire
Leaf Texture: Leathery
Breeding System: Flowers Unisexual , Monoecious
Leaf: Bright shiny dark green above, paler and fuzzy white below, clustered or whorled on lateral spur shoots.
Fruit: Blue to black berries, oval in shape, edible, ripen in the fall.
Size Class: 36-72 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul
Bloom Notes: Flowers are in small clusters, sweet, fragrant, open in mid-summer.
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , AZ , FL , GA , IL , KS , KY , LA , MO , MS , NM , OK , SC , TX
Native Distribution: South Carolina south to northern Florida, west to southern Arizona, north to southern Kansas, Missouri, and southwestern Illinois, south to northern Mexico, with disjunct populations in western Mexico
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low , Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
BenefitUse Wildlife: The fruit is eaten by birds, and white-tailed deer browse the leaves and fruit. The flowers provide early season nourishment for honey bees.
Use Other: The Kiowa Indians used a substance in the outer bark as chewing gum.
Fragrant Flowers: yes
Nectar Source: yes
Deer Resistant: No
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Patsy Glenn Refuge - Wimberley, TX
Stengl Biological Research Station - Smithville, TX
Texas Master Naturalists - Lost Pines Chapter - Bastrop, TX
Jacob's Well Natural Area - Wimberley, TX
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-1199 Collected 2008-08-30 in Montgomery County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
BibliographyBibref 298 - Field Guide to Texas Trees (1999) Simpson, B.J.
Bibref 481 - How to Grow Native Plants of Texas and the Southwest: Revised and Updated Edition (2001) Nokes, J.
Bibref 293 - Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas (1979) Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston
Bibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Sideroxylon lanuginosum in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Sideroxylon lanuginosum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Sideroxylon lanuginosum
MetadataRecord Modified: 2019-03-25