Salix taxifolia Kunth
Yewleaf Willow, Yew-leaf Willow, Yew Willow
Salicaceae (Willow Family)
Synonym(s): Salix taxifolia var. lejocarpa, Salix taxifolia var. limitanea, Salix taxifolia var. seriocarpa
USDA Symbol: SATA
Yewleaf Willow is easily recognized by the needlelike leaves, resembling those of yews (although not evergreen). This species has the smallest leaves of any tree willow. A good soil binder, it is fairly drought-resistant and is an excellent browse for livestock.
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Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub , Tree
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Lanceolate
Leaf Pubescence: Villose
Leaf Margin: Entire
Leaf Texture: Papery
Breeding System: Flowers Unisexual , Dioecious
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: 5-50 feet in height.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun
DistributionUSA: AZ , NM , TX
Native Distribution: Mexico border region from Trans-Pecos Texas, west of SE. Arizona, and, south to Guatemala; at 3500-6000' (1067-1829 m).
Native Habitat: Along streams in foothills and mountains; in oak woodlands, sometimes in deserts and desert grasslands.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium , High
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Moist
Drought Tolerance: Medium
BenefitInteresting Foliage: yes
Larval Host: Tiger Swallowtail, Viceroy, Mourning Cloak, Sylvan Hairstreak butterflies.
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
BibliographyBibref 298 - Field Guide to Texas Trees (1999) Simpson, B.J.
Bibref 297 - Trees of Central Texas (1984) Vines, Robert A.
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Salix taxifolia in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Salix taxifolia in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Salix taxifolia
MetadataRecord Modified: 2015-11-05
Research By: TWC Staff