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Salix lucida Muhl.
Salicaceae (Willow Family)
USDA Symbol: SALU
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)
A broad shrub, shining willow grows 12-20 ft. tall, with a pyramidal form. Upright, spreading, fine-textured branches occur from a short trunk. Bark is smooth and reddish-brown. Shining willow’s finest characteristic is its smooth, glossy leaves that simmer in the sun. Fall color is a fairly insignificant yellow. Spring branches are densely flowered with green catkins.
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Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 20 feet tall.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul
DistributionUSA: AK , AZ , CA , CO , CT , DE , IA , ID , IL , IN , KS , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MT , ND , NH , NJ , NM , NV , NY , OH , OR , PA , RI , SD , UT , VA , VT , WA , WI , WV , WY
Canada: AB , MB , NB , NL , NS , NT , ON , PE , QC , SK , YT
Native Distribution: Lab. to n. Man., s. to VA, OH, n. IL & n. ND; also Black Hills & extreme e. CO
Native Habitat: Steam & swamp banks; fens; beaches; met meadows; mud flats
Growing ConditionsWater Use: High
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist , Wet
Soil pH: Circumneutral (pH 6.8-7.2)
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Any poorly drained, wet soil.
Conditions Comments: Willows are brittle, with aggressive roots that exploit the moisture found in drains and sewers. They are fast-growing, short-lived, and prone to disease and insect damage. Disperses seed as a fluff seen in June
BenefitUse Wildlife: Very popular, especially early in the season, with birds and small mammals.
Larval Host: Mourning Cloak, Acadian Hairsteaks, Admirals
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
Mourning Cloak |
Learn more at BAMONA
Find Seed or Plants
Find seed sources for this species at the Native Seed Network.
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Native Seed Network - Corvallis, OR
BibliographyBibref 1186 - Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America (2005) Covell, C.V., Jr.
Bibref 1185 - Field Guide to Western Butterflies (Peterson Field Guides) (1999) Opler, P.A. and A.B. Wright
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Salix lucida in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Salix lucida in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Salix lucida
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-05-16
Research By: TWC Staff