Salvia azurea Michx. ex Lam.
Pitcher Sage, Big Blue Sage, Azure Sage, Giant Blue Sage, Blue Sage
Lamiaceae (Mint Family)
USDA Symbol: SAAZ
A widespread perennial of the grasslands, it also extends east to the Carolinas. It begins to flower early and may continue until fall, or into early winter in Florida.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Size Notes: Up to about 5 feet tall.
Flower: Flower 1 inch.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Blue
Bloom Time: Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , CO , CT , FL , GA , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MI , MO , MS , NC , NE , NM , NY , OH , OK , SC , TN , TX , UT , WI
Native Distribution: North Carolina south to Florida; west to Texas; north to Nebraska and Minnesota.
Native Habitat: Prairie, Plains, Meadows, Pastures, Savannas, Woodlands' edge, Opening
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Limestone-based, Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay
BenefitUse Ornamental: Perennial garden, Shortgrass meadow
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
Special Value to Bumble Bees
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
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Order seed of this species from Native American Seed and help support the Wildflower Center.
Find seed sources for this species at the Native Seed Network.
Mr. Smarty Plants says
Native flowers for Door County, Wisconsin
September 02, 2009
We recently were required to put in a new septic system on our vacation property in Door County, WI. This left us with a clearing on our wooded lot where the septic field is now located. The installer...
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Possibly escaped non-native Buddleja davidii in Missouri
March 15, 2006
About 3 years ago my wife and I were traveling thru southeastern Missouri and stopped at a road side rest station on Interstate 44. While we were there we noticed a shrub about 4 to 5 feet tall with p...
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From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
Crosby Arboretum - Picayune, MS
NPSOT - Austin Chapter - Austin, TX
Native Seed Network - Corvallis, OR
NPSOT - Williamson County Chapter - Georgetown, TX
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE
BibliographyBibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski
Bibref 281 - Shinners & Mahler's Illustrated Flora of North Central Texas (1999) Diggs, G. M.; B. L. Lipscomb; B. O'Kennon; W. F...
Bibref 1294 - The Midwestern Native Garden: Native Alternatives to Nonnative Flowers and Plants An Illustrated Guide (2011) Adelman, Charlotte and Schwartz, Bernard L.
Bibref 328 - Wildflowers of Texas (2003) Ajilvsgi, Geyata.
Bibref 286 - Wildflowers of the Texas Hill Country (1989) Enquist, M.
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 57 - Atlas of Florida Plants (2020) Institute for Systematic Botany
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Research LiteratureReslit 2762 - Survival and growth of wildflowers with buffalo grass or blue grama grass (2005) D. T. Lindgren, D. Schaaf
Reslit 2828 - Effects of bison and cattle on growth, reproduction, and abundances of five tallgrass prairie forbs (1997) S. A. Damhoureyeh, D. C. Hartnett
Reslit 2829 - Diversity-productivity relationships in two ecologically realistic rarity-extinction scenarios (2008) F. I. Isbell, D. A. Losure, K. A. Yurkonis, B. J. ...
Reslit 2830 - Plant defense, growth, and habitat: A comparative assessment of constitutive and induced resistance (2007) P. A. Van Zandt
Reslit 2831 - Effects of mycorrhizae on growth and demography of tallgrass prairie forbs (2001) G. W. T. Wilson, D. C. Hartnett, M. D. Smith, K. K...
This information was provided by the Florida WIldflower Foundation.
Search More Titles in Research Literature
From the ArchiveWildflower Newsletter 1994 VOL. 11, NO.3 - Preparation for Spring Gardening, Director\'s Report, How the Length of Day and ...
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Salvia azurea in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Salvia azurea in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Salvia azurea
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-02-24
Research By: TWC Staff