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Roystonea regia

Roystonea regia (Kunth) O.F. Cook, nom. cons.

Florida Royal Palm

Arecaceae (Palm Family)

Synonym(s): Palma elata, Roystonea elata, Roystonea floridana

USDA Symbol: RORE2

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), PR (I), VI (I)

The trunk of this stately palm can be 100 ft. tall and the large, pinnate leaves are 9 ft. long or more. The long, smooth, green sheathing leaf bases and the straight, pale-gray trunk, that usually bulges at the base, are distinctive.


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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Leaf Retention: Evergreen
Fruit Type: Drupe
Size Notes: Up to about 100 feet tall.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Jan , Feb , Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul


Native Distribution: S. FL
Native Habitat: Moist, rich hammocks

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Moist, rich soils.


Commercially Avail: yes

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

Web Reference

Webref 57 - Atlas of Florida Plants (2020) Institute for Systematic Botany
Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Roystonea regia in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Roystonea regia in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Roystonea regia


Record Modified: 2023-06-08
Research By: TWC Staff

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