Rosa blanda Aiton
Smooth Rose, Early Wild Rose
Rosaceae (Rose Family)
USDA Symbol: ROBL
This is a thornless or near-thornless rose with blunt leaflets and smooth stems with a whitish bloom. Five-petaled flowers are pale pink to white. The shrub is 2-5 ft. tall with a dense, mounded habit.
Spreads vigorously by root suckers once established. The hips are an excellent source of vitamin C. (Ontario Native Plants 2002)
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Size Class: 3-6 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Pink
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug
DistributionUSA: CT , IA , IL , IN , KS , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , MT , ND , NE , NH , NJ , NY , OH , PA , SD , VT , WI , WV
Canada: MB , NB , NL , ON , QC , SK
Native Distribution: Que. to Man., s. to MD, KY, n. MO & e. KS
Native Habitat: Dry, open woods; hills; prairies; roadsides
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Rocky soils.
Conditions Comments: Susceptible to fungal problems.
BenefitWarning: Plant has thorns or prickles.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Fragrant Flowers: yes
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
Special Value to Bumble Bees
Provides Nesting Materials/Structure for Native Bees
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
PropagationDescription: Propagated by stem cuttings or division of rootstock. Softwood cuttings should be taken with a heel and treated with hormone. Rose seeds should be taken from the hips as soon as ripe and planted in the open or stratified before planting.
Seed Collection: Hips can be collected as soon as they are ripe. Achenes can then be extracted by macerating the hips in water and recovering the seeds by flotation.
Seed Treatment: Cold-moist stratification is required to break the dormancy of most rose species.
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
BibliographyBibref 1294 - The Midwestern Native Garden: Native Alternatives to Nonnative Flowers and Plants An Illustrated Guide (2011) Adelman, Charlotte and Schwartz, Bernard L.
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Rosa blanda in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Rosa blanda in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Rosa blanda
MetadataRecord Modified: 2012-12-09
Research By: TWC Staff