Rhexia mariana L.
Maryland Meadow Beauty, Pale Meadow Beauty
Melastomataceae (Melastome Family)
USDA Symbol: RHMA
The slender, lightly hairy stems of this 2-1/2 ft. perennial bear attractive pairs of densely hairy lance-shaped, distinctly veined leaves. The white or rose-colored to purple flowers are 2 in. across and are loosely arranged in leaf axils at the top of the stem. The four petals are attached to a cylindrical floral tube. A cluster of yellow-orange stamens contrast with the petals.
Pale Meadow Beauty is a member of the meadow beauty family (family Melastomaceae), which includes herbs, trees and shrubs, with flowers generally in clusters. There are about 175 genera and 3,000 species, mostly in tropical regions, particularly South America, but Rhexia is native to the United States and Cuba.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 30 inches tall.
Flower: Flowers 2 inches
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Pink , Purple
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , DC , DE , FL , GA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , MI , MO , MS , NC , NJ , NY , OK , PA , SC , TN , TX , VA , WV
Native Distribution: Coastal Plain from e. MA to VA, across s. states at low altitudes to TX, & n. in the interior to s. IN, MO & KS
Native Habitat: Savannas & meadows; marshes & bogs
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Mesic to wet, fertile soils. Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Acid-based
Conditions Comments: Var. mariana occurs in the interior; var. purpurea on the Coastal Plain.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Water garden, Bog or pond area
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
PropagationPropagation Material: Root Division
Description: Seeds are too small to be planted outdoors. Seedlings grow slowly, need to be kept moist, and are susceptible to damping off. Stem cuttings taken any time during the growing season can be rooted under mist. Where colonies with many stems have formed, d
Seed Collection: The fruit turns from green to copper, dry out and become brittle when the seeds are mature. Store the cleaned seeds in a sealed, refrigerated container.
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Crosby Arboretum - Picayune, MS
BibliographyBibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski
Bibref 328 - Wildflowers of Texas (2003) Ajilvsgi, Geyata.
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 57 - Atlas of Florida Plants (2020) Institute for Systematic Botany
Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Research LiteratureReslit 667 - Phylogenetic relationships in Rhexia (Melastomataceae): Evidence from DNA sequence data and morphology (2007) G. M. Ionta, W. S. Judd, N. H. Williams and W. M. ...
Reslit 1819 - Development of Ovule and Megagametophyte in Rhexia mariana (1968) A. Etheridg and J. M. Herr
Reslit 2523 - Seed dormancy and germination in Rhexia mariana var. interior (Melastomataceae) and eco-evolutionary implications (1999) C. C. Baskin, J. M. Baskin and E. W. Chester
This information was provided by the Florida WIldflower Foundation.
Search More Titles in Research Literature
From the ArchiveWildflower Newsletter 1988 VOL. 5, NO.2 - Researching Wildflower Seed Quality, Wildflower Center Receives $500 -000 Gift, ...
Wildflower Newsletter 1992 VOL. 9, NO.1 - Research Update, Creating Native Lawn with Sod, Director's Report, What Makes Pl...
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Rhexia mariana in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Rhexia mariana in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Rhexia mariana
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-01-02
Research By: TWC Staff