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Ranunculus cardiophyllus (Heartleaf buttercup)
Bransford, W.D. and Dolphia

Ranunculus cardiophyllus

Ranunculus cardiophyllus Hook.

Heartleaf Buttercup, Heart-leaf Buttercup

Ranunculaceae (Buttercup Family)

Synonym(s): Ranunculus cardiophyllus var. subsagittatus, Ranunculus cardiophyllus var. typicus

USDA Symbol: RACA4

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)

This buttercup is a hairy, erect-stemmed, freely branched perennial, 6-20 in. tall, with heart-shaped basal leaves and deeply lobed, stem leaves. Yellow, five-petaled flowers occur at branch ends.


From the Image Gallery

1 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Fruit Type: Achene
Size Notes: Up to about 20 inches tall.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep


USA: AZ , CO , MT , ND , NM , SD , UT , WA , WY
Canada: AB , BC , SK
Native Distribution: High elevations from Sask. to B.C., s. sporadically to NM & AZ
Native Habitat: Mountain meadows; seepage areas

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Description: Cool, moist soils.

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Ranunculus cardiophyllus in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Ranunculus cardiophyllus in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Ranunculus cardiophyllus


Record Modified: 2023-02-24
Research By: TWC Staff

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