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Quercus inopina

Quercus inopina Ashe

Sandhill Oak, Florida Oak

Fagaceae (Beech Family)


USDA Symbol: QUIN7

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

Sandhill oak is an evergreen shrub that grows to 16 feet tall (4.9 m). BARK: light gray. TWIGS and BUDS: light to dark purplish-brown, twigs may have slight pubescence, terminal buds somewhat ovoid with a blunt tip, 5-angled in cross section. LEAVES: smooth or sparsely pubescent petiole 1⁄8 - 3⁄8 inch (3 - 10 mm) in length; leaves are elliptical to ovate or spatulate, 1 1⁄2 - 3 3⁄8 inches (38 - 86 mm) long and 1 - 1 3⁄4 inches (25 - 44 mm) wide, base is acute to rounded; upper surface is smooth or rugose, convex with an entire margin, may have scattered hairs along midrib, lower surface with a light scurfy pubescence, often covered with ascocarps of fungi.

Florida oak is a conservation concern and rated indeterminate by IUCN.


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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Leaf Retention: Evergreen
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Elliptic , Ovate , Spatulate
Leaf Margin: Entire
Leaf Base: Rounded
Size Notes: Grows to 16 feet tall (4.9 m).
Fruit: Acorns biennial; cup with pubescent scales, inner surface half or more pubescent, cup covering 1⁄3 - 1⁄2 of nut; oval to elliptical nut, up to 5⁄8 inch (16 mm) in length.
Size Class: 12-36 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Green
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May


Native Distribution: Restricted to localized areas in central Florida.
Native Habitat: Sandhill ridges or upland terraces in scrub communities.


Bibref 1134 - Field Guide to Native Oak Species of Eastern North America (2003) Stein, John D. and Denise Binion

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Additional resources

USDA: Find Quercus inopina in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Quercus inopina in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Quercus inopina


Record Modified: 2011-09-26
Research By: DEW

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