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Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

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Prenanthes trifoliolata (Gall of the earth)
Brundage, Stephanie

Prenanthes trifoliolata

Prenanthes trifoliolata (Cass.) Fernald

Gall Of The Earth, Three-leaved Rattlesnakeroot

Asteraceae (Aster Family)

Synonym(s): Nabalus trifoliolatus


USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)

Gall of the Earth (Prenanthes trifolioliata) has very deeply divided 3-part leaves and a waxy reddish stem.


From the Image Gallery

6 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Size Notes: Up to about 5 feet tall.
Fruit: Fruit is a cypsela (pl. cypselae). Though technically incorrect, the fruit is often referred to as an achene.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Yellow
Bloom Time: Aug , Sep , Oct


USA: CT , GA , IN , KY , MA , MD , ME , MI , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , PA , RI , SC , TN , VA , VT , WV
Canada: NB , NL , NS , PE , QC


Conspicuous Flowers: yes

Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Prenanthes trifoliolata in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Prenanthes trifoliolata in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Prenanthes trifoliolata


Record Modified: 2023-01-06
Research By: TWC Staff

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