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Pogonia ophioglossoides (Rose pogonia)
Cressler, Alan

Pogonia ophioglossoides

Pogonia ophioglossoides (L.) Ker Gawl.

Rose Pogonia, Snake-mouth Orchid, Beard Flower

Orchidaceae (Orchid Family)

Synonym(s): Pogonia ophioglossoides var. brachypogon


USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N), SPM (N)

Rose Pogonia usually has only 1 flower on an erect, slender stem. It is rose or pink-colored and, unlike most orchids, has a nice fragrance. The lower lip is densely bearded near the throat with white to yellow bristles. There is 1 leaf near the middle of the stem, 4 inches long or less and 1 1/4 inches wide.


From the Image Gallery

27 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 2 feet tall.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Pink , Yellow , Purple
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug


USA: AL , AR , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , IL , IN , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , ND , NH , NJ , NY , OH , OK , PA , RI , SC , TN , TX , VA , VT , WI , WV
Canada: NB , NL , NS , ON , PE , QC
Native Distribution: Ontario to Newfoundland and Nova Scotia; south on Coastal Plain to Florida; west to Texas; inland to Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Indiana, Illinois, and Minnesota.
Native Habitat: Wet open woods, meadows, swamps, sphagnum bogs.

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Moist , Wet


Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Fragrant Flowers: yes

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Crosby Arboretum - Picayune, MS
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE


Bibref 248 - Texas Wildflowers: A Field Guide (1984) Loughmiller, C. & L. Loughmiller

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Pogonia ophioglossoides in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Pogonia ophioglossoides in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Pogonia ophioglossoides


Record Modified: 2023-02-23
Research By: TWC Staff

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