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Polygala mariana (Maryland milkwort)
Loughmiller, Campbell and Lynn

Polygala mariana

Polygala mariana Mill.

Maryland Milkwort

Polygalaceae (Milkwort Family)

Synonym(s): Polygala harperi

USDA Symbol: POMA8

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

Maryland milkwort grows 6-16 inches tall and has no branches. The leaves are alternate and sharp-pointed. Flower heads are compact and rounded, but grow longer as the flowers open upward. The blossom is orchid to purple.


From the Image Gallery

8 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Size Notes: Grows 616 inches tall.
Size Class: 0-1 ft. , 1-3 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Purple
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep


USA: AL , AR , DC , DE , FL , GA , KY , LA , MD , MS , NC , NJ , NY , SC , TN , TX , VA

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Crosby Arboretum - Picayune, MS


Bibref 248 - Texas Wildflowers: A Field Guide (1984) Loughmiller, C. & L. Loughmiller

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Additional resources

USDA: Find Polygala mariana in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Polygala mariana in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Polygala mariana


Record Modified: 2007-08-09
Research By: TWC Staff

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