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Plant Database

Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

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Polystichum lonchitis

Polystichum lonchitis (L.) Roth

Northern Holly Fern

Dryopteridaceae (Wood Fern Family)

Synonym(s): Polystichum mohrioides var. lemmonii

USDA Symbol: POLO4

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N), GL (N)


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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb , Fern
Leaf Retention: Evergreen

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Not Applicable
Bloom Notes: Not a flowering plant. Reproduces by spores.


USA: AK , AZ , CA , CO , ID , MI , MN , MT , NV , NY , OR , SD , UT , WA , WY
Canada: NL , NS , ON
Native Habitat: Woodland,Rocky Bluff

Growing Conditions

Soil pH: Alkaline (pH>7.2)
CaCO3 Tolerance: High

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

Additional resources

USDA: Find Polystichum lonchitis in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Polystichum lonchitis in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Polystichum lonchitis


Record Modified: 2017-11-15
Research By: TWC Staff

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