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Plant Database

Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

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Pneumatopteris sandwicensis

Pneumatopteris sandwicensis (Brack.) Holttum

Hawaii Air Fern, Hoio Kula

Thelypteridaceae (Marsh Fern family)

Synonym(s): Cyclosorus sandwicensis, Dryopteris stegnogrammoides, Thelypteris hawaiiensis


USDA Native Status: HI (N)


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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb , Fern
Size Notes: Fronds up to about 3 feet long.


Native Habitat: Mesic to wet forests, often near streams.

National Wetland Indicator Status

Status: FAC
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.


Bibref 1815 - Hawai'i's Ferns and Fern Allies (2003) Palmer, Daniel D.

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Web Reference

Webref 43 - Hawaiian Native Plant Genera (2006) University of Hawaii
Webref 44 - Plants of Hawaii (1997) Starr Environmental
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Pneumatopteris sandwicensis in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Pneumatopteris sandwicensis in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Pneumatopteris sandwicensis


Record Modified: 2020-12-03
Research By: CBR

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