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Plant Database

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Pinus leiophylla

Pinus leiophylla Schiede & Deppe

Chihuahua Pine, Chihuahuan Pine

Pinaceae (Pine Family)



USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

Pine with trunk bearing short, leafy twigs, very thick bark, and thin, open, spreading crown of upturned branches.

Unlike most pines, this species often produces new shoots or sprouts from cut stumps. The cones mature in 3 growing seasons, instead of the usual 2; cones in 3 stages of development, as well as many old, open cones, are usually present. Trees native to the United States and others in northwestern Mexico are placed in a separate variety (var. chihuahuana [Engelm.] Shaw), characterized by 3 stout needles in a bundle. The typical variety (var. leiophylla), of wider distribution in Mexico, has 5 slender needles in a bundle.


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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Linear

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Not Applicable


Native Distribution: SW. New Mexico, E. central and SE. Arizona and Mexico; at 5000-7800 (1524-2377 m).
Native Habitat: Rocky ridges and slopes of mountains; with Arizona Pine and Apache Pine.

Additional resources

USDA: Find Pinus leiophylla in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Pinus leiophylla in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Pinus leiophylla


Record Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff

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