Pinus contorta var. latifolia
Pinus contorta Douglas ex Loudon var. latifolia Engelm. ex S. Watson
Lodgepole Pine, Tall Lodgepole Pine, Rocky Mountain Lodgepole Pine
Pinaceae (Pine Family)
Synonym(s): Pinus contorta ssp. latifolia, Pinus divaricata var. hendersonii, Pinus divaricata var. latifolia
USDA Symbol: PICOL
Lodgepole Pine or Rocky Mountain Lodgepole Pine (Pinus contorta var. latifolia Engelm.), of the Rocky Mountain region of North America, is a tall, narrow tree with thin, scaly bark, long needles, and cones often oblique and pointing outward. It is a variety of Pinus contorta.
This variety is adapted to forest fires, often with cones that remain tightly closed on the trees for many years until a fire destroys the forest. When the heat causes the cones to open, the seeds fall to the bare ground to begin a new forest. This variety is also able to reproduce without fire, and in some areas most of the trees release their seeds without the heat of fire. It is very intolerant of shade and competition. It also displays poor alkali tolerance.
The common name refers to the use of the wood in teepees and lodges by First Nations people who also used the resin for water-proofing canoes, baskets, moccasins, and other articles. (Williams)
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Linear
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Not Applicable
DistributionUSA: AK , CO , ID , MT , OR , SD , UT , WA , WY
Canada: AB , BC , NT , SK , YT
Native Habitat: Forest,Alpine
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Loam
BenefitWarning: Thorns or prickles.
Fragrant Foliage: yes
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
Western Pine Elfin |
Learn more at BAMONA
BibliographyBibref 1186 - Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America (2005) Covell, C.V., Jr.
Bibref 1185 - Field Guide to Western Butterflies (Peterson Field Guides) (1999) Opler, P.A. and A.B. Wright
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Pinus contorta var. latifolia in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Pinus contorta var. latifolia in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Pinus contorta var. latifolia
MetadataRecord Modified: 2019-08-19
Research By: TWC Staff