Pinus clausa (Chapm. ex Engelm.) Vasey ex Sarg.
Pinaceae (Pine Family)
Synonym(s): Pinus clausa ssp. immuginata, Pinus clausa var. immuginata, Pinus virginiana ssp. clausa
USDA Symbol: PICL
Florida’s small to medium-sized pine, a tree with rounded or flattened crown.
The two geographic races differ in time of cone opening. When dense stands of the Ocala race with closed cones are killed by a crown fire, the cones open and release seeds for another forest. The cones of the Choctawhatchee race open at maturity, producing open, uneven-aged stands burned by less destructive surface fires.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Evergreen
Leaf Arrangement: Fascicled
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Linear
Breeding System: Flowers Unisexual , Monoecious
Fruit Type: Cone
Size Notes: Up to about 65 feet tall.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow , Brown
Bloom Time: Aug , Sep
Bloom Notes: Pollen cones brownish yellow. Seed cones maturing in 2 years.
DistributionUSA: AL , FL , GA , NC
Native Distribution: NE. to S. Florida (Ocala race) and in NW. Florida and extreme S. Alabama (Choctawhatchee race); to 200' (61 m).
Native Habitat: Well-drained sandy soils; often in pure stands.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
CaCO3 Tolerance: None
Find Seed or Plants
View propagation protocol from Native Plants Network.
BibliographyBibref 841 - Native Alternatives to Invasive Plants (2006) Burrell, C. C.
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 57 - Atlas of Florida Plants (2020) Institute for Systematic Botany
Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Pinus clausa in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Pinus clausa in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Pinus clausa
MetadataRecord Modified: 2022-12-06
Research By: TWC Staff