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Pinus balfouriana

Pinus balfouriana Balf.

Foxtail Pine

Pinaceae (Pine Family)



USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

Pine with very short needles crowded against twigs suggesting a foxtail, and irregular crown of short, spreading branches; a shrub at timberline.

Foxtail Pine is closely related to Bristlecone Pine, which is sometimes also called Foxtail Pine because of the similar foliage. Bristlecone Pine, inhabiting high mountains farther east, has shorter cones, with each cone-scale ending in a slender bristle.


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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Linear

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Not Applicable


Native Distribution: Local in mountains of N. California and Sierra Nevada of E. central California; at 6000-11,500 (1829-3505 m).
Native Habitat: Exposed, dry, rocky slopes and ridges of high mountains in subalpine zone to timberline; with Whitebark Pine.

Additional resources

USDA: Find Pinus balfouriana in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Pinus balfouriana in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Pinus balfouriana


Record Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff

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