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Phoradendron tomentosum (DC.) Engelm. ex A. Gray
Christmas Mistletoe, Mistletoe, Injerto
Viscaceae (Christmas Mistletoe Family)
Synonym(s): Phoradendron flavescens var. pubescens, Phoradendron serotinum var. pubescens
USDA Symbol: PHTO2
USDA Native Status: L48 (N)
An evergreen shrub parasitic on trees. Widely used in the United States as a Christmas decoration. Stems smooth, green, brittle. Leaf blades thick, leathery, roughly elliptic, up to 2 inches long and 1 1/8 inches wide, with smooth margins, a rounded tip, and tapered base. Plants male or female, easily distinguished in winter by shiny, white berries 3/16 inch wide on the female, and spikes of greenish yellow flowers on the male. Especially common on Sugar Hackberry (Celtis laevigata), Cedar Elm (Ulmus crassifolia), and Honey Mesquite (Prosopis glandulosa), also on other trees.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Fruit Type: Berry
Size Notes: Stems up to about 3 feet long.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow , Green
Bloom Time: Jan , Feb , Mar , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov , Dec
DistributionUSA: LA , OK , TX
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
Brackenridge Field Laboratory - Austin, TX
Patsy Glenn Refuge - Wimberley, TX
Texas Master Naturalists - Lost Pines Chapter - Bastrop, TX
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0550 Collected Jan 2, 1988 in Bexar County by Harry Cliffe
NPSOT 0373 Collected Mar 7, 1993 in Comal County by Mary Beth White
BibliographyBibref 1207 - Earth Medicine, Earth Food (1990) Michael A. Weiner
Bibref 417 - Field Guide to Medicinal Plants and Herbs of Eastern and Central North America (2000) Foster, S. & J. A. Duke
Bibref 354 - Native & Naturalized Woody Plants of Austin & the Hill Country (1981) Lynch, D.
Bibref 1208 - The New Healing Herbs (1995) Michael Castleman
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
From the ArchiveWildflower Newsletter 1987 VOL. 4, NO.4 - Wildflower Center Sows Seeds for the Country, Hotline for Texas, New Goals Plans...
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Phoradendron tomentosum in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Phoradendron tomentosum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Phoradendron tomentosum
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-01-12
Research By: TWC Staff