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Plant Database

Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

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Peritoma lutea (Yellow bee-plant)
Cressler, Alan

Peritoma lutea

Peritoma lutea (Hooker) Rafinesque

Yellow Bee-plant, Yellow Spiderflower

Capparaceae (Caper Family)

Synonym(s): Cleome lutea

USDA Symbol: PELU5

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

"Annuals, (15-)25-30 cm. Stems sparsely branched distally; glabrous or glabrate. Leaves: petiole 1.5-4.5 cm; leaflets 5 (proximal ones sometimes early deciduous), blade linear to elliptic, 1.5-4(-6) 0.4-1.3 cm, margins serrate, apex long-acuminate, surfaces glabrous. Racemes 1-3 cm (6-40 cm in fruit); bracts unifoliate, spatulate, 2-15 mm. Pedicels 7-15 mm. Flowers: sepals persistent, connate ca. 1/2 of length, yellow, lanceolate, 1.6-2.6 0.8-1.2 mm, margins denticulate, glabrous; petals light yellow, oblong to ovate, 5-8 2-4 mm; stamens yellow, 10-15 mm; anthers 1.9-2.6 mm; gynophore 5-17 mm in fruit; ovary 3-6 mm; style 0.5-0.8 mm. Capsules not inflated, 15-40 2-5 mm, striate. Seeds 10-20, gray to black, triangular (sharply angled), 3-4 2.5-3 mm, rugose. 2n = 34." (Webref: 3).

Formerly classified as Cleome lutea.

 

From the Image Gallery

3 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Palmate
Leaf Shape: Elliptic , Linear
Leaf Pubescence: Glabrous
Leaf Margin: Serrate
Leaf Apex: Acuminate
Size Notes: To about 12 inches in height.
Leaf: "Leaves: petiole 1.5-4.5 cm; leaflets 5, (proximal ones sometimes early deciduous), blade linear to elliptic, 1.5-4(-6) 0.4-1.3 cm, margins serrate , apex long-acuminate, surfaces glabrous." (Webref: 3)
Flower: "Racemes 1-3 cm (6-40 cm in fruit); bracts unifoliate, spatulate, 2-15 mm. Pedicels 7-15 mm. Flowers: sepals persistent, connate ca. 1/2 of length, yellow, lanceolate, 1.6-2.6 0.8-1.2 mm, margins denticulate, glabrous; petals light yellow, oblong to ovate, 5-8 2-4 mm; stamens yellow, 10-15 mm; anthers 1.9-2.6 mm; gynophore 5-17 mm in fruit; ovary 3-6 mm; style 0.5-0.8 mm." (Webref: 3)
Fruit: "Capsules not inflated, 15-40 2-5 mm, striate. Seeds 10-20, gray to black, triangular (sharply angled), 3-4 2.5-3 mm, rugose." (Webref: 3)

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug

Distribution

USA: AZ , CA , CO , ID , MT , NE , NM , NV , OR , UT , WA , WY
Native Distribution: Arizona. "California, Colorado, Idaho, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington, Wyoming; Mexico (Baja California)." (Webref: 3).
Native Habitat: "Dry sandy flats, desert scrub, roadsides; (100-)600-2400 m." (Webref: 3).

Growing Conditions

Heat Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: "Dry sandy flats, desert scrub, roadsides." (Webref: 3).

Benefit

Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Deer Resistant: High

Web Reference

Webref 3 - Flora of North America (2014) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.

Additional resources

USDA: Find Peritoma lutea in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Peritoma lutea in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Peritoma lutea

Metadata

Record Modified: 2022-08-01
Research By: JAM

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