Contact Us Host an Event Volunteer Join

Support the plant database you love!


Plant Database

Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

Enter a Plant Name:
Or choose a plant family:
Panax trifolius (Dwarf ginseng)
Cressler, Alan

Panax trifolius

Panax trifolius L.

Dwarf Ginseng

Araliaceae (Ginseng Family)


USDA Symbol: PATR2

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)

This tiny, woodland perennial looks like a small version of American Ginseng (Panax quinquefolius). An umbel of tiny, dull white (fading to pink) flowers rises from a whorl of 3 compound leaves.


From the Image Gallery

8 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun


USA: CT , DC , DE , GA , IN , KY , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , NC , NH , NJ , NY , OH , PA , RI , TN , VA , VT , WI , WV
Canada: NB , NS , PE , QC
Native Distribution: Ontario east to Nova Scotia, south to Georgia, and northwest to Kentucky, Indiana, and Minnesota.
Native Habitat: Moist woods and damp clearings.

Growing Conditions

Soil Moisture: Moist


Use Food: Tuber can be eaten raw or boiled.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Interesting Foliage: yes

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE

Additional resources

USDA: Find Panax trifolius in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Panax trifolius in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Panax trifolius


Record Modified: 2015-10-02
Research By: TWC Staff

Go back