Oenothera macrocarpa Nutt.
Bigfruit Evening-primrose, Missouri Evening-primrose, Fluttermill, Big-fruit Evening-primrose, Missouri Primrose, Bigfruit Evening Primrose
Onagraceae (Evening Primrose Family)
USDA Symbol: OEMA
The perennial big-fruit evening-primrose or Missouri evening-primrose can be trailing or upright, usually growing 8-10 in. high. Its large, 3-4 in. wide, yellow flowers are showy. The four-petaled flowers, which grow from the upper leaf axils, open in the evening and close the next day, sometimes fading reddish. The foliage is narrow, thick and gray-green.
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Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: 8-10 inches tall.
Flower: Having a long floral tube and mostly nocturnal flowering, this species is pollinated primarily by hawk moths (family: Sphingidae). (Reslit 2842).
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Yellow
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug
DistributionUSA: AR , IL , KS , MO , NE , OK , TN , TX
Native Distribution: S.e. NE to TX, e. to TN; introduced elsewhere
Native Habitat: Limestone glades & bluffs; roadsides; rocky prairies & hillsides
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
Soil Description: Rocky, gravelly, or sandy soils. Calcareous, Sandy, Limestone-based, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam
Conditions Comments: Stunning, large, four-petaled yellow flowers open in the early evening on a handsome plant with low, mounding habit. Flowers are open for only one evening, but the plant flowers over a long period of time.
BenefitUse Ornamental: Color, Blooms ornamental, Showy, Attractive, Rock gardens
Use Wildlife: Nectar-Moths
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Interesting Foliage: yes
Nectar Source: yes
Deer Resistant: Moderate
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
Description: This plant is easily propagated from seed, sown in spring or fall, or stem cuttings taken in early summer.
Seed Treatment: No treatment necessary.
Commercially Avail: yes
Maintenance: Prevent complete soil dryness, Remove spent blossoms, Maintain mulch layer, Fertilize in spring with rose food
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From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Naval Air Station Kingsville - Kingsville, TX
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
NPSOT - Native Plant Society of Texas - Fredericksburg, TX
Texas Parks and Wildlife Department - Austin, TX
NPSOT - Fredericksburg Chapter - Fredericksburg, TX
NPSOT - Williamson County Chapter - Georgetown, TX
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0759 Collected Apr 24, 1994 in Comal County by Mary Beth White
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-MLE-2 Collected 2009-06-24 in Lampasas County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
BibliographyBibref 766 - Dale Groom's Texas Gardening Guide (2002) Groom, D.
Bibref 946 - Gardening with Prairie Plants: How to Create Beautiful Native Landscapes (2002) Wasowski, Sally
Bibref 355 - Landscaping with Native Plants of Texas and the Southwest (1991) Miller, G. O.
Bibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski
Bibref 281 - Shinners & Mahler's Illustrated Flora of North Central Texas (1999) Diggs, G. M.; B. L. Lipscomb; B. O'Kennon; W. F...
Bibref 291 - Texas Wildscapes: Gardening for Wildlife (1999) Damude, N. & K.C. Bender
Bibref 286 - Wildflowers of the Texas Hill Country (1989) Enquist, M.
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Research LiteratureReslit 2842 - Pollination limitation to reproductive success in the Missouri evening primrose, Oenothera macrocarpa (Onagraceae) (2001) Jennifer M. Moody-Weis, John S. Heywood
This information was provided by the Florida WIldflower Foundation.
Search More Titles in Research Literature
From the ArchiveWildflower Newsletter 1989 VOL. 6, NO.2 - Wildflower Network Operates in Louisiana, Wildflower Handbook Published, Researc...
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Oenothera macrocarpa in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Oenothera macrocarpa in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Oenothera macrocarpa
MetadataRecord Modified: 2022-08-24
Research By: WFS