Mirabilis linearis (Pursh) Heimerl
Narrowleaf Four O'Clock
Nyctaginaceae (Four O'clock Family)
Synonym(s): Allionia decumbens, Allionia gausapoides, Allionia linearis, Calymenia decumbens, Mirabilis decumbens, Mirabilis diffusa, Mirabilis gausapoides, Mirabilis hirsuta var. linearis, Mirabilis lanceolata, Mirabilis linearis var. linearis, Mirabilis linearis var. subhispida, Oxybaphus angustifolius, Oxybaphus decumbens, Oxybaphus diffusus, Oxybaphus gausapoides, Oxybaphus lanceolatus, Oxybaphus linearis, Oxybaphus linearis var. subhispidus
USDA Symbol: MILI3
Mirabilis, in Latin, and Maravilla, in Spanish, both mean marvelous, which the flowers certainly are. They open in the shade of the late afternoon. This lovely native species is a close relative of Common Four-oclock (M. jalapa), a plant originally from Mexico, popular in gardens since the Aztecs, and now commonly escaping into the wild; it has purple, yellow, or sometimes white or variegated flowers generally not longer than 2 1/2 (6.5 cm).
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Habit: Herb , Subshrub
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Size Notes: Upright narrow growth pattern. Stems up to about 4 feet tall.
Size Class: 1-3 ft. , 3-6 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Pink , Purple
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep
DistributionUSA: AR , AZ , CA , CO , CT , IL , IN , KS , MI , MN , MO , MS , MT , ND , NE , NJ , NM , NV , NY , OK , PA , SD , TN , TX , UT , WI , WY
Canada: AB , MB , SK
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
Cold Tolerant: yes
Heat Tolerant: yes
Soil Description: Prefers dry, rocky or sandy soil of plains, hillsides, and roadsides.
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
PropagationPropagation Material: Seeds
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Fredericksburg Nature Center - Fredericksburg, TX
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
Sibley Nature Center - Midland, TX
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0996 Collected Oct 12, 1994 in Bexar County by Harry Cliffe
NPSOT 0139 Collected Sept. 30, 1991 in Bexar County by Lottie Millsaps
NPSOT 0526 Collected Jul 27, 1987 in Bexar County by Harry Cliffe
BibliographyBibref 286 - Wildflowers of the Texas Hill Country (1989) Enquist, M.
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Mirabilis linearis in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Mirabilis linearis in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Mirabilis linearis
MetadataRecord Modified: 2017-11-06
Research By: TWC Staff