Mimosa dysocarpa Benth.
Velvetpod Mimosa, Velvet-pod Mimosa, Gatuno
Fabaceae (Pea Family)
Synonym(s): Mimosa dysocarpa var. wrightii
USDA Symbol: MIDY
Velvet-pod mimosa is a deciduous shrub with markedly hairy leaves, twigs and pods. Usually 2 ft. tall, the shrub can reach 6 ft. with many branches spreading widely from the base. It has thorns in groups of 3 all along the 3-sided stem. The compound leaves are alternate, made up of 16-20 leaflets which, in turn, have several smaller leaflets. When touched, they close like those of the sensitive briar. Large numbers of small flowers grow along a short stem forming a 2-inch cylindrical plume, consisting of 20-30 buds that bloom at the same time. Flower heads are composed of 3-8 such plumes clustered on the end of each stem. They are slightly fragrant.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Size Class: 3-6 ft.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Pink
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
DistributionUSA: AZ , NM , TX
Native Distribution: W. TX to AZ, s. to Mex.
Native Habitat: Arroyos; brushy hillsides; 3500 to 6500 ft.
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
Drought Tolerance: High
Soil Description: Rocky soils.
Conditions Comments: Fuzzy flowers up to 2 inches long are deep pink to magenta when open, fading to pink and then white as they age. This plant is extremely drought tolerant and can take reflected heat. The one to two inch fruit develops a a reddish brown velvety surface. Plant 2 to 3 feet apart in soil with excellent drainage. It is propagated by scarified seeds or semihardwood cuttings. Regular pruning encourages growth of more branches and flowers.
BenefitConspicuous Flowers: yes
Fragrant Flowers: yes
Nectar Source: yes
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Sibley Nature Center - Midland, TX
NPSOT - Williamson County Chapter - Georgetown, TX
BibliographyBibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski
Bibref 248 - Texas Wildflowers: A Field Guide (1984) Loughmiller, C. & L. Loughmiller
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Research LiteratureReslit 2886 - Legumes of the United States. IV. Mimosa (1971) Duane Isely
This information was provided by the Florida WIldflower Foundation.
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Mimosa dysocarpa in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Mimosa dysocarpa in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Mimosa dysocarpa
MetadataRecord Modified: 2009-04-23
Research By: DEW, JSC