Host an Event Volunteer Join Tickets

Support the plant database you love!


Plant Database

Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

Enter a Plant Name:
Or choose a plant family:
Mimulus cardinalis (Scarlet monkeyflower)
Cressler, Alan

Mimulus cardinalis

Mimulus cardinalis Douglas ex Benth.

Scarlet Monkeyflower, Crimson Monkeyflower

Scrophulariaceae (Figwort Family)

Synonym(s): Diplacus cardinalis, Erythranthe cardinalis, Mimulus cardinalis var. exsul, Mimulus cardinalis var. griseus, Mimulus cardinalis var. rigens, Mimulus cardinalis var. verbenaceus, Mimulus verbenaceus

USDA Symbol: MICA3

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

Scarlet monkey-flower is a large-flowered, robust perennial with 2-3 ft. stems. The flowers are carried high above the leaves and are of a peculiar shape. The lower lip is swept backward and the stamens extend beyond the upper lip. All parts of the flower are a brilliant, red-orange hue.

The handsome red flowers of this plant attract hummingbirds.


From the Image Gallery

10 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Leaf: Green
Size Class: 1-3 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Red , Orange
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct


USA: AZ , CA , NM , NV , OR , UT
Native Distribution: S.w. OR & CA, e. to NV, extreme s.w. UT & AZ
Native Habitat: Stream banks & seeps below 8000 ft.

Growing Conditions

Water Use: High
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Moist soils.
Conditions Comments: Older stems need to be trimmed back periodically or the growth becomes floppy and unsightly. This plant reseeds freely.


Use Wildlife: Crimson monkey flower attracts hummingbirds.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes


Description: Easily increased through root divisions of the ever-enlarging clumps. Seeds may also be used.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Seeds germinate without pretreatment.
Commercially Avail: yes

Find Seed or Plants

Find seed sources for this species at the Native Seed Network.

View propagation protocol from Native Plants Network.

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Santa Barbara Botanic Garden - Santa Barbara, CA
Native Seed Network - Corvallis, OR

Additional resources

USDA: Find Mimulus cardinalis in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Mimulus cardinalis in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Mimulus cardinalis


Record Modified: 2017-07-07
Research By: TWC Staff

Go back