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Magnolia pyramidata (Pyramid magnolia)
Fannon, Carolyn

Magnolia pyramidata

Magnolia pyramidata W. Bartram

Pyramid Magnolia

Magnoliaceae (Magnolia Family)

Synonym(s): Magnolia fraseri ssp. pyramidata, Magnolia fraseri var. pyramidata


USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

Pyramid magnolia is a slender, semi-deciduous tree usually to 10-20 ft. It has 6-9 in. leaves and 3-5 in. flowers. The flowers are fragrant, showy, creamy-white and exude a strong turpentine scent.


From the Image Gallery

10 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Venation: Pinnate
Leaf Margin: Entire
Breeding System: Flowers Bisexual
Fruit Type: Aggregate , Follicle
Size Notes: Up to about 35 feet tall, often shorter.
Fruit: Cone-like aggregated follicles.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun


USA: AL , AR , FL , GA , KY , LA , MS , SC , TX
Native Distribution: Interrupted distribution from c. SC & FL to e. TX
Native Habitat: Dense, rich wooded bluffs, ravines; uplands

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Description: Rich, acid soils.
Conditions Comments: Prune after blooming during the growing season because dormant magnolias do not easily heal.


Description: Fresh seed sown in fall; stratified seed; semi-hardwood cuttings taken in summer
Seed Collection: When ripe, the seeds are bright red, fleshy, oily, soft on the outside and stony on the inside. Gather when ripe. Clean and store in moist sand or sphagnum moss in refrigerator. Cold, moist storage also serves at stratification.
Seed Treatment: Stored seed must be kept moist and cool which will also serve as stratification. Stratify at least 60 days.
Commercially Avail: yes

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE


Bibref 298 - Field Guide to Texas Trees (1999) Simpson, B.J.

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.

Additional resources

USDA: Find Magnolia pyramidata in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Magnolia pyramidata in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Magnolia pyramidata


Record Modified: 2022-10-07
Research By: TWC Staff

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