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Malus coronaria (Sweet crabapple)
Smith, R.W.

Malus coronaria

Malus coronaria (L.) Mill.

Sweet Crabapple, American Crab

Rosaceae (Rose Family)

Synonym(s): Malus bracteata, Malus coronaria var. coronaria, Malus coronaria var. dasycalyx, Malus coronaria var. elongata, Malus coronaria var. lancifolia, Malus glabrata, Malus glaucescens, Malus lancifolia, Pyrus bracteata, Pyrus coronaria, Pyrus coronaria var. dasycalyx, Pyrus coronaria var. elongata, Pyrus coronaria var. lancifolia, Pyrus glaucescens, Pyrus lancifolia

USDA Symbol: MACO5

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)

A 20-30 ft. tree with a short trunk and wide-spreading head. Flowers are white, tinged with rose. Yellow-green fruit is not showy by ornamental standards.

The common crabapple of the Ohio Valley, it is sometimes planted as an ornamental. Double-flowered varieties have a greater number of larger and deeper pink flowers. The fruit can be made into preserves and cider.


From the Image Gallery

14 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Tree
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Fruit Type: Pome
Size Notes: Up to about 30 feet tall.
Autumn Foliage: yes
Fruit: Green

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Pink
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun


USA: AL , AR , DC , DE , GA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MD , MI , MO , NC , NJ , NY , OH , PA , SC , TN , VA , WI , WV , WY
Canada: ON
Native Distribution: C. NY to s. WI, s. to DE, upland NC, GA & TN & n.e. AR
Native Habitat: Stream banks; open woods; woodland edges.

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Moist soils.
Conditions Comments: Very susceptible to rust.


Use Wildlife: Crabapple thickets provide nesting sites, shelter, and food for large and small birds.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Attracts: Birds

Value to Beneficial Insects

Special Value to Native Bees
Special Value to Bumble Bees
Special Value to Honey Bees

This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.


Description: Interesting variations in flower color can be obtained by growing Malus spp. from seed.
Seed Treatment: Seed dormancy can be overcome by cold stratification (37-41 degrees for 30-120 days).
Commercially Avail: yes

Web Reference

Webref 3 - Flora of North America (2014) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Malus coronaria in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Malus coronaria in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Malus coronaria


Record Modified: 2023-05-10
Research By: TWC Staff

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