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Malus coronaria (L.) Mill.
Sweet Crabapple, American Crab
Rosaceae (Rose Family)
Synonym(s): Malus bracteata, Malus coronaria var. coronaria, Malus coronaria var. dasycalyx, Malus coronaria var. elongata, Malus coronaria var. lancifolia, Malus glabrata, Malus glaucescens, Malus lancifolia, Pyrus bracteata, Pyrus coronaria, Pyrus coronaria var. dasycalyx, Pyrus coronaria var. elongata, Pyrus coronaria var. lancifolia, Pyrus glaucescens, Pyrus lancifolia
USDA Symbol: MACO5
USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)
A 20-30 ft. tree with a short trunk and wide-spreading head. Flowers are white, tinged with rose. Yellow-green fruit is not showy by ornamental standards.
The common crabapple of the Ohio Valley, it is sometimes planted as an ornamental. Double-flowered varieties have a greater number of larger and deeper pink flowers. The fruit can be made into preserves and cider.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Size Notes: Up to about 30 feet tall.
Autumn Foliage: yes
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Pink
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun
DistributionUSA: AL , AR , DC , DE , GA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MD , MI , MO , NC , NJ , NY , OH , PA , SC , TN , VA , WI , WV , WY
Canada: BC , ON
Native Distribution: C. NY to s. WI, s. to DE, upland NC, GA & TN & n.e. AR
Native Habitat: Stream banks; open woods; woodland edges
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Moist soils.
Conditions Comments: Very susceptible to rust.
BenefitUse Wildlife: Crabapple thickets provide nesting sites, shelter, and food for large and small birds.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Value to Beneficial InsectsSpecial Value to Native Bees
Special Value to Bumble Bees
Special Value to Honey Bees
This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.
PropagationDescription: Interesting variations in flower color can be obtained by growing Malus spp. from seed.
Seed Treatment: Seed dormancy can be overcome by cold stratification (37-41 degrees for 30-120 days).
Commercially Avail: yes
Web ReferenceWebref 3 - Flora of North America (2014) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Malus coronaria in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Malus coronaria in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Malus coronaria
MetadataRecord Modified: 2022-10-07
Research By: TWC Staff