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Linnaea borealis ssp. americana (Twinflower)
Glase, Terry

Linnaea borealis ssp. americana

Linnaea borealis L. ssp. americana (Forbes) Hultén ex R.T. Clausen


Caprifoliaceae (Honeysuckle Family)

Synonym(s): Linnaea americana, Linnaea borealis var. americana


USDA Native Status: L48 (N), AK (N), CAN (N), GL (N), SPM (N)

Trailing plant.


From the Image Gallery

6 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Stems training and creeping. Up to about 3 feet tall when flowering.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Pink
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug


USA: AK , AZ , CA , CO , CT , IA , ID , IL , IN , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MT , ND , NH , NJ , NM , NY , OH , OR , PA , RI , SD , TN , UT , VT , WA , WI , WV , WY
Canada: NL , NS
Native Habitat: Woodland,Bog/Fen,Fresh Water Aquatic

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist , Wet
Soil pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)


Fragrant Flowers: yes

Web Reference

Webref 30 - Calflora (2018) Calflora
Webref 36 - Jepson eFlora (2019) The Jepson Herbarium, University of California, Berkeley
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Linnaea borealis ssp. americana in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Linnaea borealis ssp. americana in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Linnaea borealis ssp. americana


Record Modified: 2023-01-10
Research By: TWC Staff

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