Laguncularia racemosa (L.) C.F. Gaertn.
Combretaceae (Indian Almond Family)
Synonym(s): Conocarpus racemosa
USDA Symbol: LARA2
A shrub or tree to 30 ft. in height with thick, opposite, leathery, oval leaves, narrow rounded crown; trunk short, crooked, often with “knees”; thicket-forming. Short, branched spikes of white flowers are followed by red fruits.
The ecology of mangrove swamps closely parallels that of salt marshes: Salt-tolerant mangroves extend out from protected shores, trapping detritus and stabilizing land as they spread. As with marshes, the daily flushing and replenishment of the tides is critical to the swamps’ survival. Mangroves limit their internal salt concentration by screening out salt as they absorb water and/or by excreting it through specialized glands in their leaves. Though mangroves can survive in fresh water, they generally cannot compete with hardier plants that grow there.
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Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Jan , Feb , Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov , Dec
Native Distribution: S. & c. FL
Native Habitat: Brackish, tidal swamp edges at the highest ground of mangrove thickets
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Wet
Soil Description: Wet, brackish soils.
Conditions Comments: This species produces an abundance of roots that bind soil well and could abate canal bank erosion. It is also suited to trimming and shaping and is salt-tolerant.
PropagationDescription: Propagation from seed is quite simple.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Laguncularia racemosa in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Laguncularia racemosa in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Laguncularia racemosa
MetadataRecord Modified: 2007-01-01
Research By: TWC Staff