Illicium floridanum Ellis
Florida Anisetree, Florida Anise, Anise Tree, Stinkbush
Illiciaceae (Star-Anise Family)
USDA Symbol: ILFL
Florida anisetree is much-branched, upright broadleaf evergreen shrub, 6-10 ft. high, with a compact outline. Large, lance-shaped, evergreen leaves are lustrous, dark-green above, pale beneath and very aromatic when bruised. Maroon-purple flowers occur singly and are composed of 20-30 strap-like petals. Dehiscent seed follicles, arranged in whorls, have a star-like appearance.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Evergreen
Size Notes: Up to about 10 feet tall.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Red , Pink , Purple
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun
Bloom Notes: Rarely white or pink.
DistributionUSA: AL , FL , GA , LA , MS
Native Distribution: FL to e. LA
Native Habitat: Moist, wooded ravines; seepage areas; swamp margins
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Description: Moist, well-drained, rich soils.
Conditions Comments: This plant requires pruning in early years to keep in shape. No serious disease or insect pests. The entire shrub has a strong, pungent odor. It sometimes self-sows.
PropagationDescription: Seeds germinate easily. Firm-wooded cuttings root well.
Seed Collection: Not Available
Seed Treatment: Not Available
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Delaware Nature Society - Hockessin, DE
Crosby Arboretum - Picayune, MS
Georgia Native Plant Society - Atlanta, GA
First United Methodist Church of Jefferson City - Jefferson City, TN
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE
BibliographyBibref 1620 - Gardening with Native Plants of the South (Reprint Edition) (2009) Wasowski, S. with A. Wasowski
Bibref 841 - Native Alternatives to Invasive Plants (2006) Burrell, C. C.
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Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America - beta site (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Research LiteratureReslit 534 - Photosynthesis, chlorophyll fluorescence, and carbohydrate content of Illicium taxa grown under varied irradiance (2004) J. J. Griffin, T. G. Ranney and D. M. Pharr
Reslit 400 - The flowers in extant basal angiosperms and inferences on ancestral flowers (2001) P. K. Endress
Reslit 766 - The causes of self-sterility in natural populations of the relictual angiosperm, Illicium floridanum (Illiciaceae) (2004) V. Koehl, L. B. Thien, E. G. Heij and T. L. Sage
Reslit 1025 - Photosynthetic responses of container-grown Illicium L. taxa to sun and shade (2002) R. T. Olsen, J. M. Ruter and M. W. Rieger
Reslit 1110 - Organic Matter Application Improves Posttransplant Root Growth of Three Native Woody Shrubs (2009) J. G. Price, A. N. Wright, K. M. Tilt and R. L. Bo...
Reslit 1168 - Floral ontogeny of Illicium floridanum, with emphasis on stamen and carpel development (1979) R. E. Robertson and S. C. Tucker
Reslit 1384 - Pollination biology of basal angiosperms (ANITA grade) (2009) L. B. Thien, P. Bernhardt, M. S. Devall, Z. D. Che...
Reslit 1385 - The reproductive biology of a relict Illicium floridanum Ellis (1983) L. B. Thien, D. A. White and L. Y. Yatsu
Reslit 1515 - Functional syncarpy by intercarpellary growth of pollen tubes in a primitive apocarpous angiosperm, Illicium floridanum (Illiciaceae) (1993) E. G. Williams, T. L. Sage and L. B. Thien
This information was provided by the Florida WIldflower Foundation.
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From the ArchiveWildflower Newsletter 1998 VOL. 15, NO.5 - Native Shrubs Providing Landscape Heritage and Habitat, Executive Director\'s Re...
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Illicium floridanum in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Illicium floridanum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Illicium floridanum
MetadataRecord Modified: 2022-10-18
Research By: TWC Staff