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Geranium erianthum (Woolly geranium)
Loughmiller, Campbell and Lynn

Geranium erianthum

Geranium erianthum DC.

Woolly Geranium

Geraniaceae (Geranium Family)

Synonym(s): Geranium pratense var. erianthum

USDA Symbol: GEER2

USDA Native Status: AK (N), CAN (N)

The erect stems of this vigorous perennial rise to 32 in. from a thick rhizome. Both basal and lower stem leaves have long petioles; the upper are sessile. The leaves are three to five times deeply cleft; the lobes with irregular incisions. Five-petaled flowers barely top the leaves and are violet, or rarely white, with dark veins. The thin, pointed fruit resembles the bill of a crane.


From the Image Gallery

7 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Fruit Type: Schizocarp
Size Notes: Up to about 32 inches tall.
Fruit: Shaped like an upraised crane's bill.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Pink , Blue , Purple
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug


Canada: AB , BC , YT
Native Distribution: N.w. B.C. & s.w. Yukon to s. AK
Native Habitat: Woods; meadows; thickets; tundra

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Moist soils.


Description: Use seed or divisions for propagation. Seedlings should be transplanted from the seed bed in early spring.
Seed Treatment: No seed treatment is necessary.
Commercially Avail: yes

National Wetland Indicator Status

Status: FACU
This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

Web Reference

Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Geranium erianthum in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Geranium erianthum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Geranium erianthum


Record Modified: 2023-02-13
Research By: TWC Staff

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