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Frasera caroliniensis (American columbo)
Brundage, Stephanie

Frasera caroliniensis

Frasera caroliniensis Walter

American Columbo, Green Gentian

Gentianaceae (Gentian Family)

Synonym(s): Frasera officinalis, Frasera verticillata, Frasera walteri, Swertia caroliniensis

USDA Symbol: FRCA2

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)

Found in calcareous grasslands and savannah over much of east-central North America, but not common, Frasera caroliniensis is listed as a species of special concern in Canada by SARA (Species at Risk Act), as threatened in New York, and as endangered in Pennsylvania.


From the Image Gallery

30 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Green , Brown


USA: AL , AR , GA , IL , IN , KY , MI , MO , MS , NC , NY , OH , OK , PA , SC , TN , VA
Canada: ON
Native Habitat: Woodland,Savanna

Growing Conditions

Light Requirement: Part Shade , Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Soil Description: Clay


Conspicuous Flowers: yes

Find Seed or Plants

View propagation protocol from Native Plants Network.

Additional resources

USDA: Find Frasera caroliniensis in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Frasera caroliniensis in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Frasera caroliniensis


Record Modified: 2019-03-01
Research By: TWC Staff

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