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Euphorbia commutata (Wood spurge)
Brundage, Stephanie

Euphorbia commutata

Euphorbia commutata Engelm. ex A. Gray

Wood Spurge, Woodland Spurge, Tinted Woodland Spurge, Tinted Spurge

Euphorbiaceae (Spurge Family)

Synonym(s): Euphorbia commutata var. erecta, Galarhoeus commutatus, Galarhoeus commutatus var. erectus, Tithymalus commutatus

USDA Symbol: EUCO8

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)

A state-listed Endangered species in Florida. A state-listed Threatened species in Michigan.


From the Image Gallery

6 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Annual
Habit: Herb
Size Notes: To about 1 foot in height.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Yellow , Green
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun
Bloom Notes: Four greenish-yellow staminate glandular flowers lacking petals surround one pistillate flower. Flowers are subtended by a pair of connate or near-connate rounded, showy bracts.


USA: AL , AR , DC , FL , GA , IA , IL , IN , KY , LA , MD , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , OH , OK , PA , SC , TN , TX , VA , WI , WV
Canada: ON

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

Additional resources

USDA: Find Euphorbia commutata in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Euphorbia commutata in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Euphorbia commutata


Record Modified: 2019-03-21
Research By: JAM

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