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Escobaria missouriensis (Missouri foxtail cactus)
Beckers, Eric

Escobaria missouriensis

Escobaria missouriensis (Sweet) D.R. Hunt

Missouri Foxtail Cactus, Plains Nipple Cactus

Cactaceae (Cactus Family)

Synonym(s): Coryphantha missouriensis, Coryphantha missouriensis var. caespitosa, Coryphantha missouriensis var. robustior, Coryphantha similis, Escobaria missouriensis ssp. navajoensis, Escobaria missouriensis var. caespitosa, Escobaria missouriensis var. missouriensis, Escobaria missouriensis var. robustior, Escobaria missouriensis var. similis, Mammillaria missouriensis, Mammillaria roseiflora, Mammillaria similis, Mammillaria similis var. robustior, Neobesseya missouriensis, Neobesseya wissmannii, Neomammillaria similis

USDA Symbol: ESMI3

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)


From the Image Gallery

7 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Cactus/Succulent
Breeding System: Flowers Bisexual
Fruit Type: Berry
Size Notes: Up to about 3 inches tall.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Pink , Yellow , Green , Brown
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul
Bloom Notes: Greenish yellow to yellow-green with midstripes of green or rose-pink to pale brown.


USA: AZ , CO , IA , ID , KS , MN , MT , ND , NE , NM , OK , SD , WY

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry
Drought Tolerance: High
Heat Tolerant: yes


Conspicuous Flowers: yes

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
Patsy Glenn Refuge, c/o Wimberley Birding Society - Wimberley, TX

Web Reference

Webref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Escobaria missouriensis in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Escobaria missouriensis in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Escobaria missouriensis


Record Modified: 2023-02-10
Research By: TWC Staff

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