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Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

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Echinochloa crus-pavonis

Echinochloa crus-pavonis (Kunth) Schult.

Gulf Barnyard Grass, Gulf Cock's-spur Grass, Gulf Cockspur Grass

Poaceae (Grass family)


USDA Symbol: ECCR2

USDA Native Status: L48 (NI), PR (I), CAN (I?)


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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Annual
Habit: Grass/Grass-like
Fruit Type: Caryopsis
Size Notes: Up to about 5 feet tall.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: Green , Brown
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct


USA: AL , AR , AZ , CA , CO , FL , KS , LA , MD , MO , MS , NM , NV , OK , OR , TX , UT
Canada: BC
Native Habitat: Marshes and wet places, generally at lower elevations. Often found in water.

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

Web Reference

Webref 32 - Grasses of Canada, the U.S., and Mexico - North America north of Mexico (all countries, provinces, states, territories) (2019) Open Herbarium (
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Echinochloa crus-pavonis in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Echinochloa crus-pavonis in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Echinochloa crus-pavonis


Record Modified: 0000-00-00
Research By: CBR

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