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Dicliptera brachiata (Branched foldwing)
Marcus, Joseph A.

Dicliptera brachiata

Dicliptera brachiata (Pursh) Spreng.

Branched Foldwing, Branched Dicliptera

Acanthaceae (Acanthus Family)

Synonym(s): Diapedium brachiatum, Dicliptera brachiata var. attenuata, Dicliptera brachiata var. glandulosa, Dicliptera brachiata var. ruthii, Dicliptera glandulosa, Justicia brachiata

USDA Symbol: DIBR2

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)


From the Image Gallery

28 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb
Root Type: Fibrous
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Ovate
Leaf Venation: Pinnate
Leaf Pubescence: Glabrous
Leaf Margin: Entire
Leaf Apex: Obtuse
Leaf Base: Rounded
Leaf Texture: Smooth
Breeding System: Flowers Bisexual
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: Up to about 30 inches tall.
Leaf: Green
Flower: Flower to 2 cm long
Fruit: Seeds brown 5-6 mm

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Pink , Purple
Bloom Time: Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
Bloom Notes: Occasionally white.


USA: AL , AR , FL , GA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MO , MS , NC , OK , SC , TN , TX , VA
Native Habitat: Shady moist areas

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
Conditions Comments: This plant is happy in a nice woodland garden with bright light where it will bloom best. Tolerates full sun, but may get sunbleached unless kept well watered and in rich soil. Reseeds prolifically and can be somewhat pesky, so consider the most appropriate location for it.


Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Attracts: Butterflies
Larval Host: Texan crescent

Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)

Texan Crescent
(Anthanassa texana)

Larval Host
Learn more at BAMONA

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
Brackenridge Field Laboratory - Austin, TX

Herbarium Specimen(s)

NPSOT 0548 Collected Oct 6, 1987 in Bexar County by Harry Cliffe

1 specimen(s) available in the Digital Herbarium


Bibref 1186 - Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America (2005) Covell, C.V., Jr.
Bibref 1185 - Field Guide to Western Butterflies (Peterson Field Guides) (1999) Opler, P.A. and A.B. Wright

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Web Reference

Webref 78 - (2020) Missouri Native Plant Society
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Dicliptera brachiata in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Dicliptera brachiata in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Dicliptera brachiata


Record Modified: 2023-02-06
Research By: JSC, ADA

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