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Cyperus esculentus L.
Yellow Nutsedge, Chufa Sedge, Yellow Nut-grass
Cyperaceae (Sedge Family)
USDA Symbol: CYES
USDA Native Status: L48 (NI), HI (I), PR (I), VI (I), CAN (I)
This species includes botanical varieties that are North American natives. However, it also includes botanical varieties that are not native to North America, e.g. Cyperus esculentus var. leptostachyus, Yellow Nutsedge. Non-native taxa are not treated in this database.
Sedges are herbs of wet sites, often grass-like, with stems commonly 3-sided.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Root Type: Fibrous , Tuberous
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Linear
Leaf Venation: Parallel
Inflorescence: Spike , Spikelet
Fruit Type: Achene
Size Notes: Up to about 3 feet tall.
Fruit: Brown or yellow
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Green , Brown
Bloom Time: Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct
Bloom Notes: Perianth absent. Bloom time denotes fruiting period for Cyperus spp.
DistributionUSA: AK , AL , AR , AZ , CA , CO , CT , DC , DE , FL , GA , HI , IA , ID , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , ME , MI , MN , MO , MS , NC , ND , NE , NH , NJ , NM , NV , NY , OH , OK , OR , PA , RI , SC , SD , TN , TX , UT , VA , VT , WA , WI , WV
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Moist
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Butterflies and Moths of North America (BAMONA)
Dun Skipper |
Learn more at BAMONA
National Wetland Indicator Status
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Pineywoods Native Plant Center - Nacogdoches, TX
Sibley Nature Center - Midland, TX
Patsy Glenn Refuge - Wimberley, TX
BibliographyBibref 1186 - Field Guide to Moths of Eastern North America (2005) Covell, C.V., Jr.
Bibref 1185 - Field Guide to Western Butterflies (Peterson Field Guides) (1999) Opler, P.A. and A.B. Wright
Bibref 293 - Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas (1979) Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 38 - Flora of North America (2019) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Cyperus esculentus in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Cyperus esculentus in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Cyperus esculentus
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-02-03
Research By: TWC Staff