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Crataegus marshallii (Parsley hawthorn)
Holmes, James Garland

Crataegus marshallii

Crataegus marshallii Eggl.

Parsley Hawthorn, Parsleyleaf Hawthorn

Rosaceae (Rose Family)


USDA Symbol: CRMA5

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

Parsley hawthorne is a small, deciduous tree or shrub to 25 ft. with slender, thorny - or sometimes thornless - branches. The dainty, white, five-petaled blossoms are followed by bright-red, persistent fruits. This species has very ornamental foliage; it is deeply cut, resembling garden parsley. Small tree with wide-spreading, slender branches and broad, irregular, open crown of parseylike foliage; or often, a low much-branched shrub. Leaves become colorful in fall.

One of the easiest hawthorns to recognize, with its small, divided leaves and small, oblong fruit. The Latin species name honors Humphry Marshall (1722-1801), U.S. botanist.


From the Image Gallery

26 photo(s) available in the Image Gallery

Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub , Tree
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Fruit Type: Pome
Size Notes: Up to about 25 feet tall.
Leaf: Green
Flower: Flower 1 inch.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May


USA: AL , AR , FL , GA , IL , KY , LA , MO , MS , NC , OK , SC , TN , TX , VA
Native Distribution: FL to s. VA, w. to e. TX & s.e. MO
Native Habitat: Sandy, alluvial woods & low pastures

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Moisture: Dry
CaCO3 Tolerance: Low
Soil Description: Sandy, Sandy Loam, Medium Loam, Clay Loam, Clay, Acid-based
Conditions Comments: Seasonally poor drainage is okay. Adapts well to garden soils.


Use Ornamental: Fall conspicuous, Blooms ornamental
Use Wildlife: Nectar-butterflies, Fruit-mammals, Fruit-birds, Only a few birds like the fruit of Crataegus and, consequently, they remain effective for a long time.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes

Value to Beneficial Insects

Special Value to Native Bees

This information was provided by the Pollinator Program at The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation.


Description: Scarified and stratified seed or scarified seed followed by outdoor sowing
Seed Collection: Fruits may be hand-picked or shaken from the plant. Clean seeds from the pulp to avoid mold and fermentation. Air-dry before storing. Store in sealed, refrigerated containers.
Seed Treatment: Scarification: up to 5 hours in concentrated sulfuric acid and/or a 120 day warm, moist treatment. Stratification: 100-300 days.
Commercially Avail: yes

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

From the National Organizations Directory

According to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:

Pineywoods Native Plant Center - Nacogdoches, TX
Texas Discovery Gardens - Dallas, TX
Crosby Arboretum - Picayune, MS
Texas Parks and Wildlife Department - Austin, TX
Mt. Cuba Center - Hockessin, DE


Bibref 298 - Field Guide to Texas Trees (1999) Simpson, B.J.
Bibref 1620 - Gardening with Native Plants of the South (Reprint Edition) (2009) Wasowski, S. with A. Wasowski
Bibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski

Search More Titles in Bibliography

Web Reference

Webref 3 - Flora of North America (2014) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.

Additional resources

USDA: Find Crataegus marshallii in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Crataegus marshallii in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Crataegus marshallii


Record Modified: 2022-10-05
Research By: TWC Staff

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