Coccoloba uvifera (L.) L.
Seagrape, Seaside-grape, Sea Grape
Polygonaceae (Buckwheat Family)
Synonym(s): Polygonum uvifera
USDA Symbol: COUV
Seaside-grape or Sea Grape is an evergreen shrub or small tree with nearly round, red-veined leaves; spikes of whitish flowers; and edible, reddish fruits which hang in grape-like clusters. Seaside-grape branches close to the ground and supports a broad, rounded head. Though usually much shorter, the plant can reach 50 ft. in height.
The Sea Grape is a member of the buckwheat family (family Polygonaceae) which includes mostly herbs, sometimes shrubs or vines, rarely trees, with small flowers in racemes, spike-like clusters, or in heads. Stems commonly have swollen nodes.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Evergreen
Fruit Type: Achene
Size Notes: Up to about 50 feet tall, often much shorter.
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Jan , Feb , Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov , Dec
DistributionUSA: FL , HI
Native Distribution: S. FL
Native Habitat: Coastal hammocks, dunes & beaches
Growing ConditionsWater Use: Low
Light Requirement: Sun
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium
Soil Description: Fertile to sandy soils.
Conditions Comments: Drought-resistant and hardy in poor soils.
BenefitUse Wildlife: Fruits are a valuable wildlife food and flowers are important for nectar production.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
PropagationDescription: One of the easiest methods of propagation is ground layering. Score bark on a branch situation close to the ground and mound soil over it. The branch will develop roots and can be cut from the plant in 4-6 months.
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
BibliographyBibref 841 - Native Alternatives to Invasive Plants (2006) Burrell, C. C.
Search More Titles in Bibliography
Web ReferenceWebref 57 - Atlas of Florida Plants (2020) Institute for Systematic Botany
Webref 3 - Flora of North America (2014) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Coccoloba uvifera in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Coccoloba uvifera in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Coccoloba uvifera
MetadataRecord Modified: 2023-05-01
Research By: TWC Staff