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Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

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Comandra umbellata ssp. californica

Comandra umbellata (L.) Nutt. ssp. californica (Eastw. ex Rydb.) Piehl

Bastard Toad Flax, Bastard Toadflax, California Bastard Toadflax

Santalaceae (Sandalwood family)

Synonym(s): Comandra californica, Comandra umbellata var. californica


USDA Native Status: L48 (N), CAN (N)

Plants in this family are hemiparasitic on roots of other plants.


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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Herb , Subshrub
Size Notes: Up to about 16 inches tall.
Fruit: Pseudodrupe (drupe-like nut).

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul


USA: AZ , CA , NV , OR , WA
Canada: BC
Native Habitat: Dry places, mountains, foothills, open conifer forests, oak woodlands, chaparral margins, parasitic on roots of other plants.

Web Reference

Webref 30 - Calflora (2018) Calflora
Webref 3 - Flora of North America (2014) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Comandra umbellata ssp. californica in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Comandra umbellata ssp. californica in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Comandra umbellata ssp. californica


Record Modified: 2020-12-03
Research By: CBR

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