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Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

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Citharexylum spinosum

Citharexylum spinosum L.

Florida Fiddlewood, Spiny Fiddlewood

Verbenaceae (Verbena family)

Synonym(s): Citharexylum fruticosum, Citharexylum fruticosum var. fruticosum, Citharexylum fruticosum var. smallii, Citharexylum fruticosum var. subvillosum, Citharexylum fruticosum var. villosum, Citharexylum pentandrum

USDA Symbol: CISP3

USDA Native Status: L48 (N), HI (I), PR (N), VI (N)


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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub , Tree
Fruit Type: Drupe
Size Notes: Up to about 40 feet tall.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White
Bloom Time: Jan , Feb , Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov , Dec


Native Habitat: Dunes, hammocks, occasionally in pinelands.

National Wetland Indicator Status

This information is derived from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers National Wetland Plant List, Version 3.1 (Lichvar, R.W. 2013. The National Wetland Plant List: 2013 wetland ratings. Phytoneuron 2013-49: 1-241). Click here for map of regions.

Web Reference

Webref 57 - Atlas of Florida Plants (2020) Institute for Systematic Botany
Webref 23 - Southwest Environmental Information Network (2009) SEINet - Arizona Chapter

Additional resources

USDA: Find Citharexylum spinosum in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Citharexylum spinosum in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Citharexylum spinosum


Record Modified: 2020-12-10
Research By: CBR

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