Chloris verticillata Nutt.
Tumble Windmill Grass, Windmillgrass
Poaceae (Grass Family)
USDA Symbol: CHVE2
Culms: 15-40 cm tall, erect. Panicle: 10-16 laterally spreading branches 5-15 cm. long well distributed in 2-5 verticils. Spikelets: 4-7 spikelets per cm. of rachis.
This compact grass has a visually interesting flower consisting of 10-16 spikes arranged into at least 2 levels of "windmills." The spikes may have a purplish cast. The plant was a minor member of the original prairie and is a useful component for a prairie grass mix used on disturbed sites. It is also suitable as a specimen planting among like-sized flowering plants.
From the Image Gallery
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Root Type: Fibrous
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Linear
Leaf Venation: Parallel
Fruit Type: Caryopsis
Size Notes: 6 to 18 inches tall
Leaf: Pale bluish green
Flower: Heads 3 to 7 inches across
Bloom InformationBloom Color: Not Applicable
Bloom Time: May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep
Bloom Notes: The spikelets are initially reddish green, but they later turn tan or brown when the grains become ripe. Can bloom from May until frost.
DistributionUSA: AR , AZ , CA , CO , CT , IA , IL , IN , KS , KY , LA , MA , MD , MI , MO , NE , NJ , NM , NV , NY , OH , OK , PA , SC , SD , TN , TX , UT , VA , WY
Native Distribution: Texas: North central and western. U.S.A.: Nebraska to southern California
Native Habitat: Heavy sandy or gravelly soils of disturbed areas, roadsides, lawns, and parks.
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Sun , Part Shade
Soil Description: Heavy, well drained, usually calcareous, sandy or gravelly soils, including sand, loam, clay, gravel, caliche, and limestone. Does well in compacted and disturbed soils.
BenefitUse Ornamental: An attractive, short grass for grassland restoration on disturbed sites
Use Wildlife: Poor grazing. Seeds eaten by marshland birds.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Larval Host: The Grass Family is an essential larval host for most branded skippers and most of the satyrs.
Deer Resistant: High
PropagationPropagation Material: Root Division , Seeds
Description: Can be grown from seed or root divisions taken in winter.
Seed Treatment: No special pre-treatment.
From the National Organizations DirectoryAccording to the species list provided by Affiliate Organizations, this plant is on display at the following locations:
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center - Austin, TX
Sibley Nature Center - Midland, TX
Brackenridge Field Laboratory - Austin, TX
Herbarium Specimen(s)NPSOT 0934 Collected Oct 20, 1994 in Comal County by Mary Beth White
Wildflower Center Seed BankLBJWC-163 Collected 2007-10-14 in Travis County by Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center
BibliographyBibref 318 - Native Texas Plants: Landscaping Region by Region (2002) Wasowski, S. & A. Wasowski
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Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Chloris verticillata in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Chloris verticillata in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Chloris verticillata
MetadataRecord Modified: 2022-07-08
Research By: NPC