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Plant Database

Search for native plants by scientific name, common name or family. If you are not sure what you are looking for, try the Combination Search or our Recommended Species lists.

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Chilopsis linearis ssp. linearis

Chilopsis linearis (Cav.) Sweet ssp. linearis

Desert-willow

Bignoniaceae (Trumpet-Creeper Family)

Synonym(s): Bignonia linearis, Chilopsis linearis var. glutinosa, Chilopsis linearis var. originaria

USDA Symbol: CHLIL2

USDA Native Status: L48 (N)

 

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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub , Tree
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate , Opposite
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Lanceolate , Linear
Leaf Margin: Entire
Inflorescence: Panicle , Raceme , Terminal
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: To 10 m in height.
Size Class: 12-36 ft.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Red , Pink , Purple
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep
Bloom Notes: Corolla funnelform-campanulate, slightly bilabiate, variously colored, usually whitish tinged with pale purple, also purplish-red or pinkish with purple stripes. (Bibref 293).

Distribution

USA: NM , TX
Native Distribution: Texas, New Mexico and Mexico.
Native Habitat: Along water courses and in dry stream beds. (Bibref 293).

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry , Moist
Soil pH: Alkaline (pH>7.2)
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium , High
Drought Tolerance: Medium , High
Heat Tolerant: yes

Benefit

Use Ornamental: Useful as a flowering ornamental shrub or small tree.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Fragrant Flowers: yes
Attracts: Butterflies , Hummingbirds
Nectar Source: yes

Bibliography

Bibref 293 - Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas (1979) Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston

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Additional resources

USDA: Find Chilopsis linearis ssp. linearis in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Chilopsis linearis ssp. linearis in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Chilopsis linearis ssp. linearis

Metadata

Record Modified: 2012-09-14
Research By: JAM

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