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Chilopsis linearis ssp. linearis

Chilopsis linearis (Cav.) Sweet ssp. linearis


Bignoniaceae (Trumpet-Creeper Family)

Synonym(s): Bignonia linearis, Chilopsis linearis var. glutinosa, Chilopsis linearis var. originaria


USDA Native Status: L48 (N)


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Plant Characteristics

Duration: Perennial
Habit: Shrub , Tree
Leaf Retention: Deciduous
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate , Opposite
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Lanceolate , Linear
Leaf Margin: Entire
Inflorescence: Panicle , Raceme , Terminal
Fruit Type: Capsule
Size Notes: To 10 m in height.

Bloom Information

Bloom Color: White , Red , Pink , Purple
Bloom Time: Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep
Bloom Notes: Corolla funnelform-campanulate, slightly bilabiate, variously colored, usually whitish tinged with pale purple, also purplish-red or pinkish with purple stripes. (Bibref 293).


Native Distribution: Texas, New Mexico and Mexico.
Native Habitat: Along water courses and in dry stream beds. (Bibref 293).

Growing Conditions

Water Use: Medium
Light Requirement: Sun
Soil Moisture: Dry , Moist
Soil pH: Alkaline (pH>7.2)
CaCO3 Tolerance: Medium , High
Drought Tolerance: Medium , High
Heat Tolerant: yes


Use Ornamental: Useful as a flowering ornamental shrub or small tree.
Conspicuous Flowers: yes
Fragrant Flowers: yes
Attracts: Butterflies , Hummingbirds
Nectar Source: yes


Bibref 293 - Manual of the Vascular Plants of Texas (1979) Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston

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Additional resources

USDA: Find Chilopsis linearis ssp. linearis in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Chilopsis linearis ssp. linearis in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Chilopsis linearis ssp. linearis


Record Modified: 2012-09-14
Research By: Joseph A. Marcus

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