Chrysobalanus icaco L.
Icaco Coco Plum, Icaco Coco-plum
Chrysobalanaceae (Cocoa-Plum Family)
Synonym(s): Chrysobalanus icaco var. pellocarpus, Chrysobalanus interior, Chrysobalanus pellocarpus, Chrysobalanus savannarum
USDA Symbol: CHIC
Characterized by round, shiny, dark-green leaves and edible, plum-like fruit, Icaco coco-plum exhibits a creeping habit on sandy beaches, but inland may reach 30 ft. tall becoming a small tree with a trunk to 12 in. in diameter. Evergreen foliage densely covers the symmetrical form. Lower leaf surfaces are yellow-green. Spreading shrub to small tree with dense rounded crown.
From the Image Gallery
No images of this plant
Plant CharacteristicsDuration: Perennial
Leaf Retention: Evergreen
Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Complexity: Simple
Leaf Shape: Elliptic
Inflorescence: Axillary , Cyme
Fruit Type: Drupe
Size Notes: Up to about 30 feet tall, often much shorter.
Leaf: Dark green, shiny.
Flower: Sepals 5
Fruit: Dark purple. 3/4 - 1 1/2"
Bloom InformationBloom Color: White , Green
Bloom Time: Jan , Feb , Mar , Apr , May , Jun , Jul , Aug , Sep , Oct , Nov , Dec
Bloom Notes: Greenish-white, small.
Native Distribution: S. FL, from Cayo Costa south; also West Indies to s. Brazil
Native Habitat: A variety of inland sites (var. pellocarpus); sandy, coastal areas (var. icaco)
Growing ConditionsLight Requirement: Part Shade
Soil Description: Variable.
Conditions Comments: The variety most commonly available from nurseries is var. pellocarpus. Ask for the other variety if a coastal planting is desired. Coco plum is quite tolerant of environmental extremes.
PropagationDescription: Propagation by seed is easy but slow.
Commercially Avail: yes
National Wetland Indicator Status
Web ReferenceWebref 3 - Flora of North America (2014) Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
Research LiteratureReslit 441 - Genotoxic potentiality of aqueous extract prepared from Chrysobalanus icaco L. leaves (2004) S. C. Ferreira-Machado, M. P. Rodrigues, A. P. M. ...
Reslit 327 - Anthocyanins present in selected tropical fruits: Acerola, jambolao, jussara, and guajiru (2007) E. S. De Brito, M. C. P. De Araujo, R. E. Alves, C...
Reslit 962 - Useful plants of tropical dry forest on the coastal dunes of the center of Veracruz State (2009) P. Moreno-Casasola and K. Paradowska
Reslit 994 - Effects of temperature, UV-light and magnesium on anthocyanin pigmentation in cocoplum leaves (2003) A. Nissim-Levi, S. Kagan, R. Ovadia and M. Oren-Sh...
Reslit 1410 - Relationships between hydrology and soils describe vegetation patterns in seasonally flooded tree islands of the southern Everglades, Florida (2006) T. G. Troxler Gann and D. L. Childers
Reslit 1411 - Ecosystem structure, nutrient dynamics, and hydrologic relationships in tree islands of the southern Everglades, Florida, USA (2005) T. G. Troxler Gann, D. L. Childers and D. N. Ronde...
Reslit 1412 - Litter decomposition promotes differential feedbacks in an oligotrophic southern Everglades wetland (2009) T. G. Troxler and D. L. Childers
Reslit 1996 - Potential for biological control of the lobate lac scale, Paratachardina lobata lobata (Hemiptera : Kerriidae) (2003) R. W. Pemberton
Reslit 2037 - Oviposition and larval survival of Diaprepes abbreviatus (Coleoptera : Curculionidae) on select host plants (2003) C. Mannion, A. Hunsberger, J. E. Pena and L. Osbor...
This information was provided by the Florida WIldflower Foundation.
Search More Titles in Research Literature
Additional resourcesUSDA: Find Chrysobalanus icaco in USDA Plants
FNA: Find Chrysobalanus icaco in the Flora of North America (if available)
Google: Search Google for Chrysobalanus icaco
MetadataRecord Modified: 2022-10-03
Research By: TWC Staff